Unfinished Utopia: Nowa Huta, Stalinism, and Polish Society, 1949-56

By Katherine Lebow

Unfinished Utopia is a social and cultural background of Nowa Huta, dubbed Poland's "first socialist urban" by way of Communist propaganda of the Nineteen Fifties. paintings all started at the new city, situated at the banks of the Vistula River quite a few miles from the old urban of Kraków, in 1949. against this to its older neighbor, Nowa Huta was once meant to version a brand new type of socialist modernity and to be peopled with "new men," themselves either the developers and the beneficiaries of this venture of socialist building. Nowa Huta was once the most important and politically most important of the socialist towns in-built East valuable Europe after global warfare II; domestic to the big Lenin Steelworks, it epitomized the Stalinist application of compelled industrialization that opened the towns to rural migrants and sought essentially to remodel the buildings of Polish society.

Focusing on Nowa Huta's development and metal staff, adolescence brigade volunteers, housewives, activists, and designers, Katherine Lebow explores their a variety of encounters with the ideology and perform of Stalinist mobilization through looking for their voices in memoirs, oral heritage interviews, and archival documents, juxtaposing those opposed to either the reliable and unofficial transcripts of Stalinism. faraway from the grey and regimented panorama we think Stalinism to were, the fledgling urban used to be a colourful and anarchic position the place the previously disenfranchised (peasants, early life, girls) hastened to say their major position in "building socialism"―but infrequently in ways in which experts had anticipated.

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In the course of my study in Poland I benefited drastically from Jacek Purchla’s beneficiant provide of mentorship. Others who shared their services on Nowa Huta and varnish background incorporated Adam Bartosz, Jędrzej Chumiński, Dorota intestine, Dariusz Jarosz, Henryk Kazimierski, Jacek Kochanowicz, Monika Kozubek, and Maciej Miezian; i'm additionally very thankful to my interviewees for his or her time and willingness to proportion their tales. i used to be helped via many employees contributors of the Archive of contemporary files, the Archive of the town of Kraków, the Institute of nationwide reminiscence, and the Jagiellonian college Library; ix x Acknowledgments particular thank you are due Szczepan Świątek and the past due Sławomir Radoń of the nationwide Archive in Kraków. in the meantime, it's a excitement to recognize the hospitality and friendship of the Geisler family members, Dmitrij Glinka and Irena Glinka-Wierzbicka, Monika Murzyn-Kupisz, and Annamaria OrlaBukowska, between others. during the lengthy haul of revisions, the enter and encouragement of the “ladies” (Małgorzata Fidelis, Irina Gigova, Emily Greble, and Andrea Orzoff ) was once a lifeline. i'm grateful for his or her cautious reviews and constant presence in our on-line world, in addition to for Gosia and Emily’s sensible and highbrow aid outdoors the framework of our per month exchanges. Małgorzata Mazurek, in the meantime, has been one other beneficiant and valued good friend and interlocutor. David Crowley, Dagmara Jajeśniak-Quast, Basia Nowak, Bernadeta Stano, Keely Stauter-Halsted, Alison Stenning, and Marcin Zaremba have supplied suggestions, feedback, resources, and different acts of kindness alongside the way in which. Padraic Kenney’s insights into Polish and East critical eu Communism were necessary to this e-book; i'm additionally thankful to the nameless reviewers of my manuscript for his or her worthwhile reviews. eventually, i need to thank the numerous neighborhood writers, researchers, bloggers, artists, activists, curators, volunteers, and lovers who've contributed to an upsurge in curiosity in Nowa Huta’s prior lately, and whose efforts have enriched this e-book immeasurably. I held down 3 various jobs whereas scripting this, and that i used to be fortunate to have stable colleagues and supportive supervisors at each one. My colleagues on the university of Charleston supplied a welcoming setting at my first activity. on the collage of Virginia, Alon Confino, Chuck McCurdy, Duane Osheim, and Jeff Rossman supported either me and this undertaking, whereas Margarita Nafpaktitis and Elizabeth Thompson provided valuable suggestions on early drafts. certain point out is going to UVA’s magnificent libraries, and librarians, rather George Crafts. At Newcastle collage, Joan Allen, Tim Kirk, Diana Paton, and Susan-Mary provide softened the blows of austerity and made me snicker at division conferences. I expand because of all my colleagues on the tuition of historic reports for his or her collegiality and professionalism. operating with John Ackerman at Cornell collage Press has been a constant excitement, and i'm very thankful to him for taking up this venture and seeing it via with care and a focus.

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