Under Two Dictators: Prisoner of Stalin and Hitler: With an introduction by Nikolaus Wachsmann

By Margarete Buber-Neumann

This e-book is a different account by way of a survivor of either the Soviet and Nazi focus camps: its writer, Margarete Buber-Neumann, was once a devoted member of the German Communist occasion. From 1935 she and her moment husband, Heinz Neumann, have been political refugees in Moscow. In April 1937 Neumann used to be arrested by means of the key police, and performed via the top of the 12 months. She herself used to be arrested in 1938.

In Under Dictators Buber-Neumann describes the 2 years of soreness she persevered within the Soviet prisons and within the large Central-Asian focus and slave labour camp of Karaganda; her extradition to the Gestapo in 1940 on the time of the Stalin-Hitler Friendship Pact; and her 5 years of affliction within the Nazi focus and dying camp for ladies, Ravensbrück. Her tale monitors amazing powers of statement and of reminiscence as she describes her personal destiny, in addition to these of 1000's of fellow prisoners. She explores the behaviour of the guards, supervisors, police and mystery police and compares and contrasts Stalin and Hitler's equipment of dictatorship and terror.

First released in Swedish, German and English and thus translated and released in one more 9 languages, Under Dictators is harrowing in its depiction of lifestyles less than the guideline of 2 of the main brutal regimes the western international has ever visible but additionally an inspiring tale of survival, of ideology and of power and a clarion demand the safety of democracy.

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The hunt came about within the membership room for staff of the reception centre. To my mystery leisure, I observed there has been a wide photograph of Yezhov nonetheless in a spot of honour at the wall, surrounded by way of purple bunting. Yezhov were arrested and shot a while prior to, and Beria’s portrait must have been there now. It used to be effortless to work out we have been some distance from Moscow. We travelled 3 stations with the educate steaming throughout the camp zone for all time, and eventually we halted in Sharik. From there we needed to stroll approximately six or seven miles. The land was once flat and naked, regular steppe state, and there has been hardly ever a tree or a bush. far-off at the horizon there have been mountains. Karaganda lies within the Kazakhstan steppes. This region was known as the starvation lands, and it was once rather well named. until eventually the twenties there have been hardly ever any settlements in any respect. The natives of Kazakhstan lived a nomadic lifestyles, wandering from water gap to water gap with their farm animals and horses, for grass does develop there in the summertime. It was once no longer till approximately 1932 that the Soviet executive made up our minds to exploit prisoners to convey the world into cultivation. Experiments have been made with the cultivation of sunflowers for his or her oil-bearing seeds, and sure different types of wheat and barley. If there has been adequate rain within the spring, they cropped rather well in this virgin soil, but when there has been no longer then the solar wiped out every little thing remorselessly. within the years 1938 and 1939 the harvests have been very terrible. because the Karaganda camp was once not able to feed itself, offers needed to be despatched in from outdoor. They weren't overgenerous, and so in these years our nourishment was once relatively undesirable. Karaganda used to be considered as a camp for mild agricultural labour. It was once super in quarter, although I had no technique of judging simply how a ways it prolonged. i do know of 5 varied components which lay approximately twenty-five to thirty miles aside, and every of those components was once subdivided into smaller districts, a few of which consisted of little greater than a cost of dust huts for the prisoners, either female and male, and sheds for the farm animals. the 1st stopover at we paid in Birma used to be to the washroom. It was once simply similar to the entire others: inefficient delousing preparations, males within the women’s washroom, significantly rationed sizzling water, no longer a dry spot to place outfits down and not anything to hold something on. It became out that Birma used to be so overcrowded that there has been no room for us anyplace, so we needed to spend the 1st evening within the washroom. the next day to come we have been set free and we strolled round to survey our new domestic. The washroom was once a bit off the crushed music. by the way, that expression is actually right: there have been no right roads or pavements, yet simply overwhelmed tracks among a number of the barracks, and while the elements used to be rainy the dust was once churned up by way of lorries and ox-carts. there has been just one decent-looking development within the position, and that was once the clinic. the most road of the camp used to be a couple of mile in size, and it used to be flanked on both sides via huge and small structures, as a rule made from clay.

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