By Elton L. Daniel
With nearly 3 thousand years of historical past, Iran is domestic to 1 of the world's richest and most complicated cultures. but to the common American the identify Iran most likely inspires a picture of a distant and upstart kingdom inhabited via a humans whose non secular fanaticism is matched purely by way of the depth in their disdain for the U.S. and its values, who communicate an imprecise tongue known as Farsi, and whose id isn't really basically unique from that in their Arab acquaintances. This paintings bargains an aim and engagingly written portrait of the Iranian humans and their complicated heritage from the point of view of 1 of the world's top-rated specialists at the kingdom. it truly is excellent for scholar use and for the reader.
Following a timeline of key occasions within the background of Iran and an outline bankruptcy of the land and its buyers, ten chapters hint the background of the rustic from its roots in prehistory to the various cultures and civilizations that governed the world earlier than the state nation was once solid within the early twentieth century. the single thoroughly updated historical past of Iran, the paintings covers intimately the period of the Shah, Khomeini and the Islamic Revolution, the Khomeini period, the period of reconstruction, and modern Iran on the sunrise of the twenty first century. brief biographical profiles of key old figures, a word list of phrases, and a bibliographic essay upload reference worth to the work.
Preview of The History of Iran (The Greenwood Histories of the Modern Nations) PDF
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Extra resources for The History of Iran (The Greenwood Histories of the Modern Nations)
Worry of succession disputes and bloodletting at court docket reached bad proportions; Artaxerxes III Ochus (ca. 359–337 B. C. ) came upon it expedient to kill all attainable opponents, together with 80 brothers murdered in a single day. The bonds of belief among the Persian kings and their generals additionally appear to have dissipated; Artaxerxes III could merely ensure his commander-in-chief after receiving his kin as hostages for his strong habit. that isn't to assert that the fight opposed to the Greeks used to be totally deserted; it in basic terms shifted to a brand new coverage which emphasised international relations and bribery over army motion. through fanning the flames of the Peloponnesian conflict and chipping away at Athenian naval energy, the Persians progressively restored a lot in their place. They have been additionally in a position to use worry of the emerging energy of Macedonia to make acquaintances out of outdated enemies like Sparta and Athens. In 338 B. C. , even if, Philip of Macedon accomplished his unification of Greece, and Artaxerxes III died after having been poisoned by means of his personal health care provider as a part of a plot by means of a courtroom eunuch. through then, such a lot of participants of the Achaemenid condo were murdered that the succession needed to visit Darius III, a grand-nephew of Artaxerxes II. After a short respite following the assassination of Philip in 336, Darius was once faced by way of Alexander the nice, who accomplished the destruction of the Persian Empire in 3 recognized battles: Granicus (334), which “freed” the Ionian Greeks and spread out Asia Minor; Issus (333), which made attainable the seize of the Mediterranean ports and Egypt; and Gaugamela (331), and then Alexander may take Babylon and invade the Persian plateau. The Persian treasury at Susa was once looted, and the majestic palace-complex at Persepolis was once burned down. Darius III fled to the east the place, defeated and abandoned, he was once eventually imprisoned and murdered through considered one of his personal satraps in 330 B. C. Alexander penetrated deep into japanese Iran and critical Asia, leaving a path of Greek colonies in his wake. three From the Parthians to the Mongols the center or “medieval” interval of Iran’s background extends from the autumn of the Achaemenids within the fourth century B. C. to the increase of the Safavids within the 16th century A. D. in this time, the bounds of the Iranian international have been roughly outlined via the Euphrates, the Caucasus, the Oxus, and the Indus Rivers. The zone used to be Iranian at its middle yet ethnically particularly different on its outer edge. the 1st half its background all started with a flurry of urbanization and long-distance alternate and the shut integration of Mesopotamia and the Iranian plateau, whereas the latter part was once marked via the regular decline of either city existence and trade in addition to the reducing significance of Mesopotamia in Iranian affairs. the total interval was once punctuated by means of overseas invasions and periodic fluctuations among regionalism and centralization. all through, easy socioeconomic styles have been remarkably constant, with an overwhelmingly agrarian economic climate and a society ruled via a numerically small elite of warriors, bureaucrats, and non secular officers.