Physics of Space Storms: From the Solar Surface to the Earth (Springer Praxis Books)

This exact , authoritative booklet introduces and adequately depicts the present state-of-the paintings within the box of area storms. Professor Koskinen, well known specialist within the box, takes the elemental realizing of the process, including the pyhsics of area plasmas, and produces a therapy of area storms. He combines a superb base describing area physics phenomena with a rigourous theoretical foundation. the themes diversity from the storms within the sunlight surroundings throughout the sunlight wind, magnetosphere and ionosphere to the construction of the storm-related geoelectric box at the floor. the main up to date details to be had ist provided in a transparent, analytical and quantitative manner. The e-book is split into 3 elements. half 1 is a phenomenological advent to house climate from the solar to the Earth. half 2 comprehensively provides the basic innovations of area plasma physics. It includes discussions of basic thoughts of plasma physics, ranging from underlying electrodynamics and statistical physics of charged debris and carrying on with to unmarried particle movement in homogeneous electromagnetic fields, waves in chilly plasma approximation, Vlasov conception, magnetohydrodynamics, instabilities in area plasmas, reconnection and dynamo. half three bridges the distance among the basic plasma physics and learn point physics of house storms. This half discusses radiation and scattering tactics, shipping and diffiusion, shocks and surprise acceleration, storms at the solar, within the magnetosphere, the coupling to the ambience and flooring. The publication is concluded wtih a short evaluate of what's identified of house stroms on different planets. One software for construction this briege ist broad cross-referencing among a few of the chapters. workout difficulties of various trouble are embedded in the major physique of the textual content.

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Four. three. 1 Dispersion equation for chilly plasma waves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . four. three. 2 Parallel propagation (θ = zero) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . four. three. three Perpendicular propagation (θ = π/2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . four. three. four Propagation at arbitrary angles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124 128 129 one hundred thirty one hundred thirty 133 136 137 five. Vlasov thought . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . five. 1 houses of the Vlasov Equation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . five. 2 Landau’s answer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . five. three basic Modes in a Maxwellian Plasma . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . five. three. 1 The plasma dispersion functionality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . five. three. 2 The Langmuir wave . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . five. three. three The ion–acoustic wave . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . five. three. four Macroscopic derivation of Langmuir and ion–acoustic modes . . . . five. four Physics of Landau Damping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . five. five Vlasov idea in a basic Equilibrium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . five. 6 Uniformly Magnetized Plasma . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . five. 6. 1 Perpendicular propagation (θ = π/2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . five. 6. 2 Parallel propagation (θ = zero) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . five. 6. three Propagation at arbitrary angles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141 141 143 148 148 149 a hundred and fifty 151 153 one hundred fifty five 157 159 161 161 6. Magnetohydrodynamics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6. 1 From Hydrodynamics to Conservative MHD Equations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6. 2 Convection and Diffusion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6. three Frozen-in box strains . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6. four Magnetohydrostatic Equilibrium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6. five Field-aligned Currents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6. five. 1 Force-free fields . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6. five. 2 Grad–Shafranov equation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6. five. three common homes of force-free fields . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6. five. four FACs and the magnetosphere–ionosphere coupling . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6. five. five Magnetic helicity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6. 6 Alfv´en Waves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6. 6. 1 Dispersion equation of MHD waves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6. 6. 2 MHD wave modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6. 7 past MHD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6. 7. 1 Quasi-neutral hybrid procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6. 7. 2 Kinetic Alfv´en waves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 163 163 166 168 171 173 173 176 177 178 a hundred and eighty 183 183 184 186 187 189 VIII Contents 7. area Plasma Instabilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7. 1 Beam–plasma Modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7. 1. 1 Two-stream instability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7. 1. 2 Buneman instability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7. 2 Macroinstabilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7. 2. 1 Rayleigh–Taylor instability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7. 2. 2 Farley–Buneman instability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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