Naming Names

By Victor S. Navasky

With a brand new Afterword via the Author

"An dazzling paintings referring to own honor and dishonor, disgrace and shamelessness. A ebook of wonderful insights and suspense." ―Studs Terkel

Half a century later, the research of Hollywood radicals through the home Committee on Un-American actions nonetheless haunts the general public judgment of right and wrong. Naming Names, reissued the following with a brand new afterword through the writer, is the definitive account of the hearings, a countrywide ebook Award winner largely hailed as a vintage. Victor S. Navasky adroitly dissects the motivations for the research and provides a poignant research of its outcomes. targeting the movie-studio staff who refrained from blacklists basically by way of naming names on the hearings, he explores the terrifying dilemmas of these who knowledgeable and the tragedies of these who have been educated on. Drawing on interviews with greater than a hundred and fifty humans known as to testify―among them Elia Kazan, Ring Lardner Jr., and Arthur Miller―Naming Names provides a compelling portrait of the way the blacklists operated with such chilling efficiency.

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She defined how her lawyer, Joseph Rauh, helped her win a quick public-relations victory by way of passing out mimeographed copies of her letter to HUAC which incorporates her justly well-known sentiment: “But to harm blameless humans whom I knew decades in the past with a purpose to retailer myself is, to me, inhuman and indecent and dishonorable. i can't and won't reduce my moral sense to slot this year’s models, although I some time past got here to the belief that i used to be now not a political individual and will haven't any cozy position in any political workforce. ” and she or he defined why she rejected Rauh’s recommendation that she cite the day-by-day Worker’s unfavorable evaluation of her play Watch at the Rhine* to turn out to the Committee that she was once no longer a Party-liner. She felt that utilizing the Worker’s assaults on her could quantity to attacking them at a time once they have been being persecuted and he or she could, for that reason, “be taking part in the enemy’s online game. ” yet Rauh saved coming again to his advice and, as Hellman recalls it: We have been, in this factor, to have our first and final sharp phrases: I stated we have been losing time, i used to be unlikely to alter my brain, and what used to be the problem with him? He stated that James Wechsler of the hot York submit used to be an outdated and shut pal and he had talked over my case with Wechsler. I interrupted him a lot too sharply via announcing that I had by no means met Wechsler, didn’t like what he wrote, and sought after no suggestion from him. We batted all that round for thus lengthy that I stated i want Joe to forestall studying me, it had already occurred, and that i didn’t desire one other analyst, i wanted a legal professional. (It has been my adventure that the majority attorneys now think of themselves psychiatrists and may surrender it. ) Rauh didn’t like my assault on his good friend Wechsler, but if Wechsler was once later known as sooner than the Committee, i do know Joe couldn't have loved the truth that his buddy not just used to be a pleasant witness yet had high-class pious purposes for what he did [my italics]. 1 On April 22, 1976, James Wechsler despatched a letter to Little, Brown, the writer of pass over Hellman’s e-book, objecting to her connection with him as a “friendly witness,” which he thought of a “defamatory” portrayal. considering that he had in actual fact been an “adversary witness,” the objectionable word will be faraway from all destiny variants of the e-book. while George corridor, senior vice-president of Little, Brown, said Wechsler’s letter and promised to study the “concerns” he raised and to be involved with him back, Wechsler answered that his letter used to be now not only an expression of “concerns,” yet a requirement “libel” be deleted. pass over Hellman’s reaction, after due deliberation together with her legal professional, the famous civil-liberties attorney Ephraim London, used to be to inform Wechsler that during destiny versions of Scoundrel Time she could drop the “friendly” and in its place check with Mr. Wechsler as a “cooperative” witness. Mr. Wechsler didn’t like this any greater but if final heard from no one had long gone to court docket. 2 The legislations of libel (which has to do with damage to one’s attractiveness locally) apart, was once Wechsler a “friendly” witness or wasn’t he?

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