How to Read Foucault's Discipline and Punish (How to Read Theory)

By Stephen Shapiro

Michel Foucault's Discipline and Punish is without doubt one of the best-selling works of serious concept and a key textual content on many undergraduate classes. notwithstanding, it's a lengthy, tricky textual content which makes Anne Schwan and Stephen Shapiro's very good step by step examining advisor a great addition to the How to learn Theory sequence. Undergraduates throughout quite a lot of disciplines are anticipated to have a pretty good knowing of Foucault's keyword phrases, that have turn into average in severe pondering this day. whereas there are various texts that survey Foucault's inspiration, those are usually extra normal overviews or biographical précis that supply little within the approach of sturdy rationalization and dialogue. against this, How to learn Foucault's self-discipline and Punish takes a plain-speaking, but specific, method, in particular designed to offer scholars an intensive figuring out of 1 of the main influential texts in modern cultural theory.

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Foucault, Marxism and historical past: Mode of creation as opposed to Mode of knowledge. Cambridge: Polity, 1984. Shapiro, Stephen. how you can learn Marx’s Capital. London: Pluto Press, 2008. Feminism and Foucault Bell, Vikki. Interrogating Incest: Feminism, Foucault and the legislation. London: Routledge, 1993. Bordo, Susan. insufferable Weight: Feminism, Western tradition, and the physique. Berkeley: collage of California Press, 1993. Diamond, Irene and Lee Quinby (eds) Feminism and Foucault: Reflections on Resistance. Boston: Northeastern collage Press, 1988. McLaren, Margaret A. Feminism, Foucault and Embodied Subjectivity. Albany: country collage of latest York Press, 2002. McNay, Lois. Foucault and Feminism: strength, Gender and the Self. Cambridge: Polity, 1992. Ramazanog˘ lu, Caroline (ed. ) Up opposed to Foucault: Explorations of a few of the Tensions among Foucault and Feminism. London: Routledge, 1993. Sawicki, Jana. Disciplining Foucault: Feminism, energy, and the physique. London: Routledge, 1991. Taylor, Dianna and Karen Vintges (eds) Feminism and the ultimate Foucault. Urbana: college of Illinois Press, 2004. sites Foucault reports. . [an educational online magazine] feedback for extra examining Schwan T02032 01 textual content 179 179 02/06/2011 15:13 Michel Foucault records. . [Centre Michel Foucault] Michel Foucault assets. . Michel Foucault, details. . Michel-Foucault. com. . Welcome to the realm of Michel Foucault. . one hundred eighty Schwan T02032 01 textual content a hundred and eighty the best way to learn Foucault’s self-discipline and Punish 02/06/2011 15:13 Index Compiled through Sue Carlton abnormality eighty four, 119, 124, 149, 169–70 Absolutism eleven, 22, 31, 32, 50–1, fifty three, 54–5, 57–9, eighty five, 133 Adorno, Theodor 37 Althusser, Louis forty two Annales school/Annalistes 40–1, seventy one, seventy two architectural area 115–16, 129–30, 131, 153 see additionally Panopticon/ Panopticism Attica Correctional Facility (NewYork State), revolt (1972) forty eight Auburn felony (New York) 143 Baltard, Louis Pierre 142 Bastille, destruction of ninety Béasse 163–4 Beccaria, Cesare sixty nine Bentham, Jeremy five, 129, 131, 146 Bildungsroman (novel of improvement) one hundred twenty five physique 50, 55–60, sixty six, sixty seven, eighty two, eighty five, 87, ninety five alterations in punishment-body relation 18–19, 21, 24, 25–6 and construction of surplus-power forty six and self-discipline 39, 97–101, 108–9, 112, 166 invested by means of energy family 35–6, 41–2 and ‘virtual’ physique 45–6 Bonaparte, Louis-Napoleon forty nine, 158–9 Bonaparte, Napoleon forty nine, 103, 106 capitalism eight, nine, 22–3, 38–9, forty-one and carceral community 171, 172, 174–5 and criminalization of well known practices 78–80, a hundred and fifty five, 157 and self-discipline 7, 100–1, 135–6, 137, 138 and department of labour one zero five, 112, 114 and justice procedure 71–2 mercantile 38–9, fifty nine, 125–6 and Protestantism 104 carceral procedure 164–75 approved as usual 170–1 results on whole social physique 168–72 Castel, Robert 36 chain-gangs 18, 87, 150–1, 161, 163 Church, and self-discipline 103–4 civil society 136–7, 138, 172 class-struggle 7 and new types of illegality 154–6 and social transformation 25, 63–4 Index181 Schwan T02032 02 index 181 02/06/2011 15:13 Cold battle 7, 167 Colquhoun, Patrick seventy eight Communist get together 6 see additionally French Communist get together (PCF) confession fifty two, 53–4, 55–6, 60, eighty three, 121 contracts 8–9, forty three, forty five, 80–1, 137, 141, 171 social agreement eighty one, 87, 114, 171 crimes altering nature of 69–72 criminalization of renowned practices 78–80, one hundred fifty five, 157 of ardour eighty two see additionally illegality illegal activity and sophistication 148–9, 154–64 learn of felony behaviour 26–9, one hundred thirty, 146–9, 159 Damiens, Robert-François 16–17, 19, 20, 22, fifty eight Deleuze, Gilles 36 delinquents/delinquency 147–50, 168, 169 and sophistication 160–3 created by way of prisons 147–8, 149, 152, 153, 154, 157–60, 161–2 application of 150–64, 172–3 self-discipline 97–114 ‘art of distributions’ (control of area) 104–7, one hundred thirty and capitalism 7, 100–1, 135–6, 137 and Church theology 103–4 ‘composition of forces’ 112–14 ‘control of task’ (time) 107–9 and construction of worthy participants 132 182 Schwan T02032 02 index 182 decentralized community of 101–3 disciplinary society 134–5 extension of options past felony 132–3 see additionally carceral method mechanisms of keep watch over 115–27 exam 122–4, 126 hierarchical statement  115–18 normalizing judgement    119–21, a hundred sixty five, 167, a hundred and seventy state-control of 133 see additionally remark/  supervision ‘organization of geneses’ (human improvement) 109–11, 124 Durkheim, Émile 31–2, 37 Enlightenment forty four, fifty one, fifty four, sixty six, ninety seven physique and brain 39, forty six humanism eight, nine, 21, forty, sixty eight wisdom and gear 12, 30, forty four, 106 and public punishment 88, ninety four and public torture fifty four, 60 rationality eight, nine, 68–9, eighty five, 112–14 and social control/discipline nine, 21, 30, forty, 137 eugenics 111 exam 122–3 execution 24 spreading burden of accountability 21 see additionally public executions workout ninety one, ninety four, ninety nine, a hundred and ten, 111, 119 Faucher, Léon 17, 22 Fieschi, Giuseppe Marco 161 tips to learn Foucault’s self-discipline and Punish 02/06/2011 15:13 Foucault, Michel 4 methodological principles 32–6 impacts on 36–8 writing type 4–7 Fourier, Charles 163 unfastened marketplace economics 22, 23, 25, seventy one freedom 8–9, 12, forty seven, one hundred seventy, 173 French Communist occasion (PCF) 6–7, 106 French Revolution five, 6–7, forty nine, 50, 65–6, sixty seven, seventy two, ninety, 106 Freud, Sigmund 125–6 Fronde (1648–53) 59–60 Ghent criminal ninety one, ninety two, 140–1 Gloucester criminal ninety two, 140–1 strong and evil 34–5 Gramsci, Antonio forty three Le Groupe d’Information sur les Prisons (GIP) 9–10, forty eight Guattari, Félix 36 Guibert, Comte de 114 guillotine 21 historical past diverse techniques to two, 36–7, forty historic stages 4–5, nine, 49–50 hospitals a hundred and one, 129 and structure one hundred fifteen, 129, 131 and exam 122–3 in community of surveillance 132 human rights 25, 50, sixty eight, 114 humanism eight, nine, 21, 30, forty, forty seven humanity and size 68–9 humanitarianism 17, 18, 24, 34, sixty five, 67–8, seventy one, seventy five, eighty, eighty one id nine, 11–12, 25, 121, 126–7, 147 see additionally individual/individuality Idéologues eighty four ideology 7, 35, forty six illegality political size of 154–6, 163–4 tolerated 75–8 see additionally crimes; criminal activity individual/individuality 8–9, 25, 30, 31–2, 107, 123–7 informers 158, 159, a hundred and sixty, 162 Inquisition fifty four, eighty three, 138 associations keep an eye on over participants 128–9 and disciplinary concepts 167–9, 174 and exam 122–3 as community of surveillance 132–3, 168–9 such as prisons 132, 138 and medical psychology 166–7 web 127, 159 isolation forty eight, ninety two, one hundred thirty, 142–3, one hundred forty five, 146, 152, a hundred sixty five newshounds 162–3 judges altering function of 27, 28, eighty three, a hundred forty five, 146, 171138 strength of fifty three, fifty five and accountability 20–1, fifty six promoting of judgeships seventy three justice process and deliberative justice 19 movement in the direction of safety of estate 71–2, 77–9 see additionally trials Index183 Schwan T02032 02 index 183 02/06/2011 15:13 Kantorowicz, Ernst forty five King suggestion of forty five divine correct fifty three limits to strength of sixty seven, sixty eight energy of eleven, 57–61, seventy three, seventy nine see additionally Absolutism Kirchheimer, Otto 37–9, forty-one, forty two, fifty nine wisdom and gear 1, 12, 21, 26, 30, 34, forty four, 47–8, 122, 166 savoir and connaissance forty seven, ninety three, 123 l. a. Mettrie, Julien Offray de sixty eight, ninety eight labour-power 38–9, forty-one, forty seven Lacenaire, Pierre François 160–1 Le Roy Ladurie, Emmanuel forty, seventy one leper colony 127, 128–9 Louis XIV, King of France forty nine, 50, 60 Louis XV, King of France 17 Louis XVI, King of France forty nine, 63–4 Marx, Karl 6, 7–8, sixty six, 107, 117, 136, 158–9 department of labour one hundred and five, 111–12, 114 labour-power forty seven surplus-value a hundred marxism 6, 10, 37–9, forty-one, forty six, a hundred and one anti-marxism 6, 7–8 and notion of energy forty five, 117 Mettray juvenile offenders establishment 165–7 Mogensen, Nels Wayne seventy two Nietzsche, Friedrich 34–5 Nora, Pierre 36 184 Schwan T02032 02 index 184 normalization 28, 138, one hundred sixty five, 167, 170–1, 173, 174 normalizing judgement a hundred and fifteen, 118–21, 126, 127, 131 resistance to 163–4 novels, and inner look for youth one hundred twenty five observation/supervision 115–18, a hundred and twenty, 133–4, 135–6, 138 architectural house 115–16, 129–30, 153 and documentation 123–5, 159 manager-workers 116–17 see additionally Panopticon/ Panopticism Ordinance (1670) 50, fifty nine Panopticon/Panopticism 5–6, 127–39, 146, 153 penal reform 18, 20, 63–4, 73–5, seventy nine, eighty one, 154 and humanity as degree sixty eight and punishment associated with crime 86 l. a. Phalange 174 plague city 127–9, a hundred thirty Polanyi, Karl 22–3 police/policing sixty two, seventy nine, 158, 159–60, 162 centralized equipment 133 and safeguard of estate seventy one, seventy eight energy 41–5, 126 disciplinary 117–18, 131–2 of King eleven, 57–61, seventy three, seventy nine see additionally Absolutism and data 1, 12, 21, 26, 30, 34, forty four, 47–8, 122, 166 and visibility 123 how you can learn Foucault’s self-discipline and Punish 02/06/2011 15:13 prison uprisings (1972–74), reaction to 152–3 prisons/imprisonment 19, 89–94, ninety five, 140–64 and biographical wisdom of criminal 147–50, 153 and correction sixty eight, ninety one, 142–3, 144–5 production of delinquency 147–8, 149, 152, 153, 154, 157–60, 161–2 day-by-day time table of actions 17, 108 disciplinary suggestions 142–7, 165–6 disasters of 151–4 basic ideas 152–3 and isolation forty eight, ninety two, one hundred thirty, 142–3, a hundred forty five, 146, 152, one hundred sixty five new version prisons five, ninety one, 92–3, 140–1 detention center suggestions sixty eight, ninety one, 146, 147–8, 149–50, 152, 164–5, 168 legal reform 17–18, 24, sixty nine, 74–5, seventy nine, ninety three, 142, 172–4 prisoners’ rights forty eight reformatories 92–3, 142–3 sentence shortened for sturdy behavior ninety one, ninety two, one hundred forty five and paintings 39, 91–2, 142, 143–5, 153, one hundred sixty five see additionally carceral procedure estate, safeguard of 71–2, 77–9 Protestantism 104 public executions 16–18, 20, 23, 56–63, 89, 138 and crowd 61–3 and ‘gallows speech’ 62–3 rejection of 66–7 punishment altering kinds of 2, 16–25, 29, 31–2 and altering nature of crime 69–72 altering goals of 25–7, 93–6 as advanced social functionality 33 corporal 12, 20, 23, 24, fifty two see additionally execution; public  execution; torture and deprivation of liberty 18–19, 31–2, 142, a hundred and fifty and deterrence 82–3, 174 disappearance of spectacle 19–20, 23, 34 and schooling of public 87–9 individualization of sentences 83–5, ninety three and knowledge amassing 26–7 marxist research of 37–9 matched to crime 86 and privateness 19–20, 151 and accountability 20–1, fifty six semiotic 82–5, ninety five and social keep watch over 11–12, 33, sixty eight, 71–2 and spectacle 17–18, 19, 24, 26, fifty two, fifty six, fifty eight, 60–1, sixty seven, eighty two, ninety five see additionally chain gangs; public  executions Quakers ninety two Rasphuis legal (Amsterdam) ninety one recidivism 151–2 rehabilitation/correction 27, 28, 86–7, ninety one, 149, a hundred and fifty, 153, one hundred seventy, 171 see additionally prisons/imprisonment, and correction Index185 Schwan T02032 02 index 185 02/06/2011 15:13 Republican Society of Human Rights 161 Roman Republic/Empire 97–8, 106, 114 Rousseau, Jean-Jacques sixty eight Rusche, Georg 37–9, forty-one, forty two, fifty nine Russian Revolution (1918) 7, 106 soul 25, 32, 35, 39, 46–7, forty eight, 93–4 knowable 166, 172 Soviet Union, labour/prison camps 167 nation forty three, sixty two, seventy seven, 102, 133, 148 scholar circulate (May 1968) 106 surplus-value forty-one, forty six, a hundred faculties and structure 115–16, 129 and exam 122–3 in community of surveillance 132 and association of non-public improvement a hundred and ten and scholars tracking others 117 self 12–13, 25, 29–30, 34 Servan, J.

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