By Elliott Johnson, Daniel Gray
The moment version of the Historical Dictionary of Marxism covers of the fundamentals of Karl Marx’s idea, the philosophical contributions of later Marxist theorists, and the broad real-world political corporations and buildings his paintings inspired—that is, the myriad political events, agencies, nations, and leaders who subscribed to Marxism as a creed.
This textual content contains a chronology, an introductory essay, and an in depth bibliography. The dictionary part has over 500 cross-referenced entries on very important personalities, either thinkers and doers; political events and routine; and significant communist or ex-communist international locations. This e-book is a wonderful entry element for college students, researchers, and a person desirous to comprehend extra approximately Marxism.
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Extra resources for Historical Dictionary of Marxism (Historical Dictionaries of Religions, Philosophies, and Movements Series)
Qxd forty • 9/19/06 1:45 PM web page forty BULGARIAN COMMUNIST occasion direction the Soviet Union pursued. The BCP at the beginning the quick Stalinist path to communism, prior to halting to provide piecemeal reform next to the loss of life of Khrushchev, after which stiffening keep an eye on during the Brezhnev period. Reform slowly reappeared at the time table until eventually the increase to energy of Gorbachev while Zhivkov pursued an more and more nationalist type of Marxism as a way to stay in strength. There continually remained a powerful ideological dedication to Marxist–Leninist tenets and to a powerful chief on the head of a celebration completely in charge of executive and country espousing principles and tasks from the guts. eventually the local tide of swap proved uncontainable, and because it had performed all through so much of its lifestyles, communist Bulgaria the Soviet Union, in simple terms this time into extinction. BULGARIAN COMMUNIST get together. Having been created in 1919, the Bulgarian Communist social gathering (Balgarska Komunisticeska Partija—BKP) held workplace from 1944 until eventually the cave in of communism in Bulgaria in 1989/90. less than its uncompromising chief Vulko Chervenkov, the BKP embraced Stalinism. From 1954 to 1989 the tutelage of Todor Zhivkov observed the social gathering stay on the subject of the Soviet Union and replicate the regulations of Nikita Khrushchev, Leonid Brezhnev and Mikhail Gorbachev as a result. through 1990 the BKP had turn into as out of date because the communist process surrounding it, and re-formed because the Bulgarian Socialist celebration (BSP). A splinter faction retained the BKP identify and now types a part of the Coalition For Bulgaria alliance, triumphant within the normal election of June 2005. – C – CABRAL, AMILCAR (1924–1973). Cabral used to be a Guinea–Cape Verdean innovative who led the Partido Africano da Indepêndencia da Guiné e Cabo Verde (PAIGC) from 1959 till his loss of life in 1973. He led the fight opposed to the Portuguese colonists, a fight that led to independence for Guinea-Bissau in 1974 and for the Cape Verde islands in 1975. He utilized Marxism in a nondogmatic manner, acknowledging the important function of the colonial petty bourgeoisie in top the proletariat and peasantry to nationwide liberation. Cabral oversaw the political mobilization of the peasants, the 06-395_02_A-K. qxd 9/19/06 1:45 PM web page forty-one CAPE VERDE, REPUBLIC OF, AND REPUBLIC OF GUINEA-BISSAU • forty-one education of occasion cadres, the prosecution of a politically led guerrilla conflict, and the reconstruction of liberated Guinea (about 60 percentage of the rustic while he died) together with the preserving of democratic elections in 1972. He recommended sluggish rural improvement towards self-sufficiency in foodstuff, and a truly gradual industrialization, with hyperlinks maintained to the capitalist global after independence. Cabral hostile any form of coerced collectivization in agriculture and his total procedure used to be characterised through pragmatism and moderation. He rejected notions of a standard black or African tradition and under pressure particular stipulations over generalized theories. Cabral used to be assassinated in January 1973 prior to the entire independence he sought was once accomplished.