Communism

Dear Leader: Poet, Spy, Escapee--A Look Inside North Korea

The tale THEY could not HACK: during this infrequent insider’s view into modern North Korea, a high-ranking counterintelligence agent describes his existence as a former poet laureate to Kim Jong-il and his breathtaking break out to freedom.

“The basic will now input the room.”

Everyone turns to stone. no longer relocating my head, I direct my eyes to some extent midway up the archway the place Kim Jong-il’s face will quickly appear…

As North Korea’s country Poet Laureate, Jang Jin-sung led a charmed lifestyles. With nutrients provisions (even because the kingdom suffered via its nice famine), a go back and forth cross, entry to strictly censored details, and audiences with Kim Jong-il himself, his lifestyles in Pyongyang appeared secure and safe. yet this privileged lifestyles was once approximately to be shattered. while a strictly forbidden journal he lent to a pal is going lacking, Jang Jin-sung needs to flee for his life.

Never ahead of has a member of the elite defined the interior workings of this totalitarian nation and its propaganda computer. An fantastic exposé informed throughout the heart-stopping tale of Jang Jin-sung’s break out to South Korea, Dear Leader is an extraordinary and unparalleled perception into the world’s such a lot secretive and repressive regime.

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Lenin's Laureate: Zhores Alferov's Life in Communist Science (Transformations: Studies in the History of Science and Technology)

By Paul R. Josephson

In 2000, Russian scientist Zhores Alferov shared the Nobel Prize for Physics for his discovery of the heterojunction, a semiconductor equipment the sensible functions of which come with LEDs, fast transistors, and the microchip. The Prize was once the fruits of a profession in Soviet technological know-how that spanned the eras of Stalin, Khrushchev, and Gorbachev--and maintains this present day within the postcommunist Russia of Putin and Medvedev. In Lenin's Laureate, historian Paul Josephson tells the tale of Alferov's existence and paintings and examines the bureaucratic, monetary, and ideological hindrances to doing state-sponsored clinical examine within the Soviet Union. Lenin and the Bolsheviks equipped robust associations for clinical learn, rectifying years of overlook less than the Czars. Later generations of scientists, together with Alferov and his colleagues, reaped the advantages, attaining very important breakthroughs: the 1st nuclear reactor for civilian strength, an early fusion equipment, and, in fact, the Sputnik satellite tv for pc. Josephson's account of Alferov's profession unearths the strengths and weaknesses of Soviet science--a schizophrenic atmosphere of state-of-the-art study and political interference. Alferov, born right into a relatives of Communist loyalists, joined the get together in 1967. He supported Gorbachev's reforms within the Eighties, yet later grew to become pissed off through the recession-plagued postcommunist state's failure to fund medical study accurately. An elected member of the Russian parliament when you consider that 1995, he makes use of his status as a Nobel laureate to guard Russian technological know-how from extra cutbacks. Drawing on wide archival examine and the author's personal discussions with Alferov, Lenin's Laureate deals a different account of Soviet technological know-how, provided opposed to the backdrop of the USSR's turbulent historical past from the revolution via perestroika.

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The Screen Is Red: Hollywood, Communism, and the Cold War

The monitor Is Red portrays Hollywood’s ambivalence towards the previous Soviet Union prior to, in the course of, and after the chilly warfare. within the Thirties, communism combated its adjust ego, fascism, but either threatened to undermine the capitalist approach, the motion picture industry’s foundational middle worth. Hollywood portrayed fascism because the better possibility and communism as an aberration embraced by means of younger idealists blind to its darkish facet. In Ninotchka, all a feminine commissar wishes is a visit to Paris to transform her to capitalism and the luxuries it may offer.

The situation replaced while Nazi Germany invaded the Soviet Union in 1941, making Russia a short-lived best friend. The Soviets have been fast glorified in such motion pictures as Song of Russia, The North Star, Mission to Moscow, Days of Glory, and Counter-Attack. yet as soon as the Iron Curtain fell on jap Europe, the state of affairs replaced back. the USA was once now swarming with Soviet brokers trying to thieve a few the most important piece of microfilm. On reveal, the atomic detonations within the Southwest produced mutations in ants, locusts, and spiders, and revived long-dead monsters from their watery tombs. the films didn't blame the atom bomb particularly yet confirmed what horrors may well bring about addition to the enduring mushroom cloud.

Through the lens of Hollywood, a nuclear battle may perhaps go away a handful of survivors (Five), none (On the Beach, Dr. Strangelove), or towns in ruins (Fail-Safe). this present day the probability isn't any longer the Soviet Union, yet overseas terrorism. writer Bernard F. Dick argues, in spite of the fact that, that the Soviet Union has now not misplaced its charm, as obvious from the preferred and seriously acclaimed tv sequence The Americans. greater than 80 years later, the monitor remains to be red.

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The Left Side of History: World War II and the Unfulfilled Promise of Communism in Eastern Europe

In The Left part of History Kristen Ghodsee tells the tales of partisans combating in the back of the traces in Nazi-allied Bulgaria in the course of international struggle II: British officer Frank Thompson, brother of the nice historian E.P. Thompson, and fourteen-year-old Elena Lagadinova, the youngest girl member of the armed anti-fascist resistance. yet those humans weren't purely anti-fascist; they have been pro-communist, idealists moved by means of their socialist ideas to struggle and infrequently die for a reason they believed to be correct. Victory introduced 40 years of communist dictatorship by means of unbridled capitalism after the autumn of the Berlin Wall in 1989. this present day in democratic japanese Europe there's ever-increasing depression, disenchantment with the post-communist current, and starting to be nostalgia for the communist earlier. those phenomena are obscure within the West, the place “communism” is a filthy be aware that's speedy equated with Stalin and Soviet exertions camps. by way of beginning with the tales of individuals like Thompson and Lagadinova, Ghodsee offers a extra nuanced knowing of ways communist beliefs may motivate traditional humans to make impressive sacrifices.

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The Meek and the Militant: Religion and Power Across the World

By Paul N. Siegel

Everyone understands that Marx wrote, “religion is the opium of the people,” yet all too usually this aphorism is considered laborious what he and Engels needed to say at the topic. in reality, they provided a penetrating critique of faith that explains its beginning and persistence.—from the preface

This vintage quantity sheds much-needed gentle on a subject of renewed curiosity: the effect of faith on politics, even if Islam within the heart East or right-wing Christian fundamentalism in North America.

Paul Siegel (1916–2004), a author and activist, released quite a few books on literature and politics, together with Shakespeare in His Time and Ours (1968).

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Comrades!: A History of World Communism

By Robert Service

Nearly 20 years after the cave in of communism in jap Europe and the USSR, prime historian Robert Service examines the heritage of communism in the course of the international. Comrades! strikes from Marx and Lenin to Mao and Castro and past to track communism from its beginnings to the current day. supplying bright pix of the protagonists and decisive occasions in communist background, provider seems to be not just on the excessive politics of communist regimes but additionally on the social stipulations that led thousands to help communism in such a lot of international locations. After outlining communism’s origins with Marx and Engels and its first good fortune with Lenin and the Russian Revolution in 1917, carrier examines the Soviet bloc, long-lasting regimes like Yugoslavia and Cuba, the chinese language revolution, the unfold of communism in Asia, Africa, and Latin the USA, and the overseas hyperlinks one of the thousands of events. He covers communism’s association and beliefs in addition to its normal attraction. He appears at abortive communist revolutions and on the ineffectual events within the usa and in different places. provider bargains a human view of the tale in addition to a world research. His uncomfortable conclusion―and a huge message for the twenty-first century―is that even supposing communism in its unique shape is now death or useless, the poverty and injustice that enabled its upward push are nonetheless dangerously alive. Unsettling and compellingly written, Comrades! is the main entire learn of 1 of crucial pursuits of the fashionable global.

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Naming Names

By Victor S. Navasky

With a brand new Afterword via the Author

"An dazzling paintings referring to own honor and dishonor, disgrace and shamelessness. A ebook of wonderful insights and suspense." ―Studs Terkel

Half a century later, the research of Hollywood radicals through the home Committee on Un-American actions nonetheless haunts the general public judgment of right and wrong. Naming Names, reissued the following with a brand new afterword through the writer, is the definitive account of the hearings, a countrywide ebook Award winner largely hailed as a vintage. Victor S. Navasky adroitly dissects the motivations for the research and provides a poignant research of its outcomes. targeting the movie-studio staff who refrained from blacklists basically by way of naming names on the hearings, he explores the terrifying dilemmas of these who knowledgeable and the tragedies of these who have been educated on. Drawing on interviews with greater than a hundred and fifty humans known as to testify―among them Elia Kazan, Ring Lardner Jr., and Arthur Miller―Naming Names provides a compelling portrait of the way the blacklists operated with such chilling efficiency.

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Factory of Strategy: Thirty-Three Lessons on Lenin (Insurrections: Critical Studies in Religion, Politics, and Culture)

By Antonio Negri

Factory of Strategy is the final of Antonio Negri's significant political works to be translated into English. Rigorous and obtainable, it truly is either a scientific inquiry into the advance of Lenin's notion and an encapsulation of a serious shift in Negri's theoretical trajectory.

Lenin is the one admired flesh presser of the trendy period to significantly query the "withering away" and "extinction" of the country, and prefer Marx, he well-known the hyperlink among capitalism and glossy sovereignty and the necessity to spoil capitalism and reconfigure the kingdom. Negri refrains from portraying Lenin as a ferocious dictator imposing the proletariat's reappropriation of wealth, nor does he depict him as an insignificant army instrument of a leading edge against the Ancien Régime. Negri in its place champions Leninism's skill to conform to assorted working-class configurations in Russia, China, Latin the United States, and somewhere else. He argues that Lenin built a brand new political figuration in and past modernity and a good association in a position to soaking up diverse old stipulations. He finally urges readers to acknowledge the common software of Leninism this present day and its power to institutionally―not anarchically―dismantle centralized power.

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