Beyond Marx and Tito: Theory and Practice in Yugoslav Socialism

By Sharon Zukin

During this examine Dr Zukin combines the techniques of a political scientist and a sociologist to check the space among conception and perform within the lives of standard Yugoslavs dwelling less than socialist self-management. Going past earlier paintings on socialist societies, she asks how Yugoslavs - as staff, as voters and as a society - have benefited from the shape of socialism that they've pioneered. She additionally considers the relevance of the reputable ideology of self-management, associations like employees' councils and communes, and political and monetary controls to post-industrial in addition to industrializing societies. The ebook contains lengthy passages from extensive, in-depth interviews with participants of ten Belgrade households. The households, that are defined by way of their position within the Yugoslav social constitution, point out their political and socialist ideology via telling their lifestyles tales, examining their very own position in social alterations, and reacting to those adjustments and pressures. Participant-observation of neighborhood electorate conferences offers an exam of give-and-take in Yugoslav grass-roots politics.

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Be42 based on Bolftc*, 'Samoupravljanje' (p. 224), many Yugoslavs think and act with the concept the fundamental, if no longer the one, motivation is to extend own source of revenue. absolutely this angle is an unanticipated end result of the path that the legitimate ideology has taken. forty three ArzenSek, 'Samoupravljanje', p. 31. seventy two Problems inherent within the ideology reason an elite like a technocracy plays 'specialist' capabilities in response to 'specialized* wisdom, it could actually allure a large number of services within the political sphere. in truth, this seems to be occurring within the Yugoslav political management. opposite to the perspectives of a few observers who locate the Yugoslav technocratic elite apolitical, the technical experts are changing the political generalists in making coverage. forty four As a Yugoslav sociologist informed me, 'Ten years in the past we observed the economization of the political elite, yet now we're seeing the politicization of the technocratic elite/ The authentic ideology has made no try to wrestle the political monopoly of both Party-based leaders, which has got until eventually contemporary years (perhaps till the past due 1960s), or economybased leaders, which the emphasis on monetary improvement portends. As Djuretic says in a broader context, the legit ideology has now not but resolved even if socialist democracy signifies that everybody makes political judgements — or just a unmarried political type. forty five team spirit The 3rd challenge within the legitimate ideology matters the contradiction among the will for social integration and the distribution norm of industry festival. The norm of 'reward in response to luck out there' would appear to advertise a separate crew realization in every one firm, undefined, career, commune, and republic, which might in flip threaten socialist team spirit or team spirit. furthermore, there's a challenge of definition the following: whom does 'socialist unity' comprise? for instance, does it contain purely guide staff (the genuine operating class), or managers and different pros too? Does harmony finish on the borders of the commune — or of town, the republic, or the federation? this query has vital functional outcomes, additionally, for 'solidarity' implies a willingness to proportion monetary responsibilities in addition to assets. for instance, voters of the wealthy agricultural quarter of the Vojvodina would possibly not believe morally liable— although they're legally certain — to ship a part of their taxes to the underdeveloped quarter of Kosovo, that's additionally a part of the larger Serbian republic. even if, the commercial in44 Djuretic\ 'Dileme', p. 527, says, 'It is difficult to visualize a extra genuine bearer of this approach [of fiscal improvement] than the technical and economic-political paperwork. ' See additionally Albert Meister, Oil va Vautogestion yougoslave? (Paris: versions Anthropos, 1970), pp. 203ff. forty five Djuretic, 'Dileme', p. 524. seventy three The respectable ideology of self-management terests and the essential ethnic starting place of the Vojvodina's inhabitants range from these of Kosovo's. So there's little foundation for team spirit among them other than the paying and receiving of tax cash.

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