By Stephen Trombley
A brief, sharp and enjoyable survey of the advance of all features of the Western philosophical culture from the traditional Greeks to the current day.
Stephen Trombley's A brief background of Western Thought, outlines the 2,500-year historical past of ecu principles from the philosophers of Classical Antiquity to the thinkers of today.
No significant consultant of any major strand of Western notion escapes Trombley's cognizance: the Christian Scholastic theologians of the center a while, the nice philosophers of the Enlightenment, the German idealists from Kant to Hegel; the utilitarians Bentham and Mill; the transcendentalists Emerson and Thoreau; Kierkegaard and the existentialists; the analytic philosophers Russell, Moore, Whitehead and Wittgenstein; and - final yet no longer least - the 4 shapers-in-chief of our glossy international: Karl Marx, Charles Darwin, Sigmund Freud and Albert Einstein.
A brief historical past of Western Thought is a masterly distillation of two-and-a-half millennia of highbrow heritage, and a readable and pleasing crash path in Western philosophy.
Quick preview of A Very Short History of Western Thought PDF
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Additional resources for A Very Short History of Western Thought
S. Mill and Rousseau to set up a theoretical version of equity for the post-Enlightenment republic. Ethics – which went via a dry patch after G. E. Moore – came across a brand new hire of lifestyles in England within the paintings of R. M. Hare (1919–2002) and Bernard Williams (1929–2003). Hare’s The Language of Morals (1952) and Williams’s Ethics and the boundaries of Philosophy (1985) supplied clean impetus to British ethics. The Scottish-born thinker Alasdair MacIntyre (b. 1929) all started existence as a Marxist, yet switched over to Roman Catholicism. His After advantage (1981) seeks to reintroduce an Aristotelian teleological method of overdue twentieth-century ethics. If we have been to invite of someone ‘What are his ethical rules? ’ the way lets be so much convinced of a real solution will be through learning what he did. R. M. Hare, The Language of Morals (1952) In aesthetics – a box left principally unexplored via analytic philosophy within the sleek interval, with the extraordinary exception of George Santayana – the american citizens Arthur C. Danto (b. 1924) and Stanley Cavell (b. 1926) were pre-eminent. either have brokered a type of rapprochement with continental philosophy, in that Danto has appealed to Hegel’s aesthetics and Merleau-Ponty’s concept of belief, whereas Cavell cites Heidegger between his impacts. Cavell and Danto are solid examples of the widening of the schedule of post-analytic American philosophy. yet of all past due twentieth-century americans, Richard Rorty’s (1931–2007) philosophical trip most sensible represents the diversity of developments which are on hand to American philosophy this day. A scholar of Rudolf Carnap on the collage of Chicago, Rorty might shy away from analytic philosophy to forge his personal model of pragmatism – that almost all American of philosophies – proficient by way of Hegel, Darwin and Dewey. a detailed reader of Heidegger and Wittgenstein, Rorty arrived at an unique critique of language and epistemology in Philosophy and the replicate of Nature (1979). during this e-book Rorty challenged cornerstones of empiricism: the representational thought of notion, and the correspondence concept of fact. the 1st says that the brain acts in any such method as to reflect what exists in nature (as Descartes, Locke and Kant argued); the second one says that ‘truth’ is in contract with ‘reality’, that is to claim that statements we make correspond to genuine states of affairs (i. e. , ‘the manner issues are’). Rorty says that ‘truths’ elicited during this type are easily the results of tips we do with language to get the end result we'd like. This calls into query the raison d’être of analytic philosophy: simply because its alleged ‘problems’ are the results of language video games, its effects are of curiosity merely to those that play such video games. Rorty used to be now not a kind of humans. He gave up his chair in philosophy and spent the remainder of his existence in a division of Humanities. not anything calls for us to first get directly approximately language, then approximately trust and data, then approximately personhood, and eventually approximately society. there is not any such factor as ‘first philosophy’ – neither metaphysics nor philosophy of language nor philosophy of technological know-how.