A Paradise Lost: The Imperial Garden Yuanming Yuan (China Academic Library)

This booklet is geared toward readers and researchers who're attracted to chinese language backyard structure, the increase and fall of Yuanming Yuan and the historical past of the Qing dynasty. it's the first complete learn of the palatial backyard complicated in a Western language, and is abundantly illustrated with photos and unique drawings. Young-tsu Wong s enticing writing kind brings "the backyard of excellent brightness" to existence as he leads readers on a grand travel of its structure and history.

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Tiandi Yijiachun (Family of Spring among Heaven and the Earth) was once the favourite place of abode of the Empress Dowager Cixi. Plan by way of Sylvia Lu Wong as regards to the map in YMYJ 1987, 1. N three 2 1 1. F R O N T D O O R four 2. T I A N D I Y I J I A C H U N three. Q I N G X I A TA N G four. H E S H E N M I A O (shousi) at Mt. Weng, which he renamed the sturdiness Hills. He additionally redirected water from the Jade Spring Hill to fill the West Lake (which have been renamed the Kunming Lake) to create a subsidiary backyard known as the natural Ripple backyard (Qingyi Yuan) (Cai Shengzhi n. d. , 127; cf. YMYJ 1981, 1:21). the continual progress of the Yuanming Yuan didn't finish with the loss of life of Qianlong in 1799. His quick successor, the Jiaqing emperor, persevered the never-ending maintenance and reworking of the Yuanming Yuan. so much considerably, Jiaqing renovated the Grand Palace Gate, the most viewers corridor, the Wave-Pacifying backyard, the Wall of Sravasti, the AllHappy backyard, and the everlasting Sunshine corridor (Yangri Tang). He additionally extra a few new constructions, akin to the Smoky Rain Chamber (Yanyu Lou), the Spreading Spring corridor (Fuchun Tang), and a brand new rice field on the northern finish of the Yuanming Yuan, which he named the Economized-Ploughing Villa (Xinggeng Bieshu) (Wu Zhenyu 1983, one hundred ninety, 197). The Variegated Spring backyard The Jiaqing emperor gave the top precedence to the Variegated Spring backyard (Qichun Yuan), which initially used to be a suite of many small gardens. O‰cially built-in into the Yuanming Yuan management in 1772, it was once additional improved through Jiaqing to attract water from the Wanquan River. finally, Jiaqing distinct Thirty (Best) perspectives within the Variegated Spring backyard. This building, as traditional, required loads of cash; for Expansion instance, the development within the unmarried 12 months of 1809 of 173 devices of halls, rooms, and chambers; 260 corridors; 6 pavilions; and a couple of embellished archways fee 328,775. 331 taels of silver. 12 The panorama layout of the Variegated Spring backyard in most cases falls into significant sections, east and west, every one containing bridges and lakes, huge and small, and scenic islets. The east part, with the Grand Palace Gate (Da’gongmen) and the interior Palace Gate (Er’gongmen) to the rear, confronted northward towards the most important compound of the backyard, nearly three hundred meters deep. It consisted of numerous buildings. the light court docket (Yinghui Dian) used to be the primary corridor. The corridor of concord (Zhonghe Tang) hooked up with the light court docket when it comes to corridors to yield a wide courtyard. The Spreading Spring corridor (Fuchun Tang) contained the composite residing quarters of the dowager empresses and imperial concubines. The Rear court docket (Houdian) and the Admiring Moon Chamber (Langyue Lou) have been located on the finish of the compound. it appears a massive objective for Jiaqing’s incorporation of the Variegated Spring backyard into the Imperial backyard used to be to find new lodgings for the imperial women, as Kangxi’s Changchun Yuan had deteriorated with time. (Today, the single remnant of Changchun Yuan is a small boundary pill close to Peking college.

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